Bishop Teofilius Matulionis at the Kaišiadorys Curia;

Bishop Teofilius Matulionis celebrates Holy Mass in Kretinga Lourdes, May 1934;

Priest Teofilius Matulionis in Moscow Prison (Russia), December 1924;

Bishop Teofilius Matulionis returned to Lithuania from USSR prisons, 20 October 1933;

Teofilius Matulionis
(1873 - 1962)

Teofilius Matulionis (born 1873, district of Alanta; died 1962, Kaišiadorys) Teofilius Matulionis studied at the Petrapilis Seminary of Priests. He was ordained a priest in 1900. He performed spiritual duties in various parishes of the Russian Empire. The October Revolution in Russia led to restrictions on the activities of priests. Teofilius Matulionis, along with other St. Petersburg priests, was sentenced to three years in prison in 1923. After serving his sentence, he continued to hold the office of priest. A few years later, as a bishop, he was arrested and exiled to the Solovki Islands in the Baltic Sea. As he was seen as a leader by other priests, he was later imprisoned in St. Petersburg and Moscow prisons, and sent for the heaviest labour in Ledianoje Pole (Icy Fields). Eventually, when Lithuania and the USSR exchanged prisoners, he managed to return to Lithuania. In 1943, Teofilius Matulionis became an ordinance of the diocese of Kaišiadorys. During the years of Nazi and Soviet occupation, he actively defended the rights of the Church and encouraged all priests to continue their work. In 1946, he was imprisoned in Orsha, Vladimir, for refusing to cooperate with the Soviet authorities. He returned to Lithuania in 1956 and soon regained the displeasure of the authorities, when he secretly consecrated Bishop Vincentas Sladkevičius. For this, he was forcibly relocated. He died in 1962 was buried in the crypt of Kaišiadorys Cathedral. The beatification ceremony of archbishop and martyr Teofilius Matulionis was held in Vilnius on 25 June 2017.