Bartolomé Blanco Márquez and his younger brother Antonio Márquez as children.

Ángel Herrera Oria was a Spanish journalist and Roman Catholic politician and later a cardinal. He was very important for Bartolomé and he facilitated his participation in the Social Worker Institute.

Former provincial prison of Jaén. Bartolomé was held there with fifteen priests and other laymen. He was judged, condemned to death and shot there on 2 October 1936.

Bartolomé Blanco Márquez
(1914-1936)

Bartolomé Blanco Márquez was born in Pozoblanco on 25 November 1914. Orphaned in his youth, he was raised by his aunt and uncle. As a teenager, he worked in his uncle's workshop as a chair-maker and at the same time attended the Salesian school in the city. At the age of 18 he was elected secretary of a newly founded youth division of Catholic Action in Pozoblanco. This group of lay Catholics was attempting to encourage a Catholic influence on workers and society in general. Bartolomé was known as a great speaker and lay catechist. Additionally, the director of the school, Don Antonio do Muiño, provided him with a typewriter. In January 1934 in Madrid he met Ángel Herrera Oria who encouraged him to participate in the Social Worker Institute (Instituto Social Obrero). This allowed him to travel to France, Belgium and the Netherlands and learn about the different Catholic labour organisations. After his return he founded eight unions in the province of Córdoba. On 18 August 1936 Bartolomé was charged by the Republican authorities, faithful to the Second Spanish Republic government, with refusing to serve in the army in a time of war, because he declined to be mobilised in the armed forces against Francisco Franco's military rebellion. On 24 September he was moved to a prison in Jaen, where he was held with fifteen priests and other laymen in the so-called Villa Cisneros. Bartolomé defended himself in court but after trial he was condemned and shot to death on 2 October 1936 at the age of 21. Blanco was beatified on 28 October 2007.