Grigol Peradze with students of the Orthodox Theology Study at the University of Warsaw, 1930s.

The end of the 1930s. A photo taken in front of the Cathedral of St. Mary Magdalene in Warsaw.

Grigol Peradze's death certificate issued by the authorities of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

Grigol Peradze

Grigol Peradze was born in 1899 in Bakurciche, Georgia. From the age of 14, he was educated in religious schools, and in 1918 he was admitted to the Faculty of Philology at the University of Tbilisi. Due to the Bolshevik attack on Georgia in February 1921, he interrupted his studies and he went to fight. After Georgia's defeat in March 1921, Peradze went into hiding and worked as a village teacher. In 1921 the Cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church delegated him to study theology and oriental studies in Germany. There he obtained a doctorate in theology (in Berlin) and doctor of philosophy (in Bonn). In 1931, Grigol Peradze took his monastic vows at the Greek cathedral in Paris and was ordained a priest. In 1933, Metropolitan Dionysius invited him to Warsaw, offering the position of professor of patrology and head of the patristic seminary at the Orthodox Theology Study at the University of Warsaw. He held this position in 1933-1939. In 1934, Peradze received the title of archimandrite in the Greek Cathedral of St. Sofia in London. In the years 1935-1938 he made a series of scientific journeys (Romania, Greece, Bulgaria, Syria, the Holy Land), during which he obtained priceless old prints and manuscripts. He also conducted his research in Italy, France and Austria. In 1939, he planned further scientific journeys and research, but the outbreak of the war stood in the way. In September 1939, despite a proposal to leave Poland, he remained in Warsaw. In May 1942, Grigol Peradze was arrested by the Gestapo. The immediate reason for his arrest was his efforts to save Jews. First, he was imprisoned in Pawiak prison in Warsaw, and in November 1942 he was transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. He was executed there on 6 December 1942. In September 1995 Archimandrite Grigol Peradze was canonised by the Cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church as a St. Priest Marty